74. Goldman, M., Lees, E. W., Prieto, P. L., Mowbray, B. A. W., Weekes, D. M., Reyes, A., Li, T., Salvatore, D.A., Smith, W.A., Berlinguette, C. P. (2021). Chapter 10 Electrochemical Reactors. In Carbon Dioxide Electrochemistry: Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis (pp. 408–432). 

73. Bohra, D., Chaudhry, J.H., Burdyny, T., Pidko, E.A., Smith, W.A. (2020). Mass Transport in catalytic pores of GDE-based CO2 electroreduction systems. ChemRxiv.

72. Vos, J. G., Venugopal, A., Smith, W. A., & Koper, M. T. M. (2020). Competition and selectivity during parallel evolution of bromine, chlorine and oxygen on IrOx electrodes. Journal of Catalysis, 389, 99–110.

71. Chandrashekar, S., Nesbitt, N. T., & Smith, W. A. (2020). Electrochemical CO2 Reduction Over Bimetallic Au–Sn Thin Films: Comparing Activity and Selectivity against Morphological, Compositional, and Electronic Differences. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 124(27), 14573–14580. 

70. Corson, E. R., Kas, R., Kostecki, R., Urban, J. J., Smith, W. A., McCloskey, B. D., & Kortlever, R. (2020). In Situ ATR–SEIRAS of Carbon Dioxide Reduction at a Plasmonic Silver Cathode. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 142(27), 11750–11762. 

69. Blommaert, M. A., Verdonk, J. A. H., Blommaert, H. C. B., Smith, W. A., & Vermaas, D. A. (2020). Reduced Ion Crossover in Bipolar Membrane Electrolysis via Increased Current Density, Molecular Size, and Valence. ACS Applied Energy Materials, 3(6), 5804–5812. 

68. Y. Chen, A. Vise, W.E. Klein, F.C. Cetinbas, D.J. Myers, W.A. Smith, T.G. Deutsch, K.C. Neyerlin. A Robust, Scalable Platform for the Electrochemical Conversion of CO2 to Formate: Identifying Pathways to Higher Energy Efficiencies. ACS Energy Letters, 5, 1825-1833 (2020). 

67. Bae, D., Kanellos, G., Faasse, G. M., Dražević, E., Venugopal, A., & Smith, W. A. (2020). Design principles for efficient photoelectrodes in solar rechargeable redox flow cell applications. Communications Materials, 1(1), 17. 

66. Bae, D., Kanellos, G., Wedege, K., Drazevic, E., Bentien, A., Smith, W.A., (2020). Tailored energy level alignment at MoOx/GaP interface for solar-driven redox flow battery application. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 152, 124710.

65. De Gregorio, G. L., Burdyny, T., Loiudice, A., Iyengar, P., Smith, W. A., & Buonsanti, R. (2020). Facet-Dependent Selectivity of Cu Catalysts in Electrochemical CO2 Reduction at Commercially Viable Current Densities. ACS Catalysis, 10(9), 4854–4862. 

64. Vos, J. G., Venugopal, A., Smith, W. A., & Koper, M. T. M. (2020). Competition and Interhalogen Formation During Parallel Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Bromide and Chloride on Pt. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 167(4), 46505. 

63. Chen, Y., Wrubel, J. A., Klein, W. E., Kabir, S., Smith, W. A., Neyerlin, K. C., & Deutsch, T. G. (2020). High-Performance Bipolar Membrane Development for Improved Water Dissociation. ACS Applied Polymer Materials, 2(11), 4559–4569.

62. Firet, N. J., Burdyny, T., Nesbitt, N. T., Chandrashekar, S., Longo, A., & Smith, W. A. (2020). Copper and silver gas diffusion electrodes performing CO2 reduction studied through operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Catalysis Science & Technology, 10(17), 5870–5885.

61. Bae, D., Faasse, G.M., Smith, W.A. (2020). Hidden figures of photo0charging: a thermo-electrochemical approach for a solar-rechargeable redox flow cell system. Sustainable Energy Fuels, 4, 2650-2655.

60. Kas, R., Yang, K., Bohra, D., Kortlever, R., Burdyny, T., Smith, W.A. (2020). Electrochemical CO2 reduction on nanostructured metal electrodes: fact or defect? Chemical Science, 11, 1738-1749.


59. Kas, R., Ayemoba, O., Firet, N. J., Middelkoop, J., Smith, W. A., & Cuesta, A. (2019). In-Situ Infrared Spectroscopy Applied to the Study of the Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO2: Theory, Practice and Challenges. ChemPhysChem, 20(22), 2904–2925. 

58. Bohra, D., Chaudhry, J. H., Burdyny, T., Pidko, E. A., & Smith, W. A. (2019). Modeling the electrical double layer to understand the reaction environment in a CO2 electrocatalytic system. Energy & Environmental Science, 12(11), 3380–3389. 

57. Yang, K., Kas, R., & Smith, W. A. (2019). In Situ Infrared Spectroscopy Reveals Persistent Alkalinity near Electrode Surfaces during CO2 Electroreduction. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 141(40), 15891–15900. 

56. Smith, W. A., Burdyny, T., Vermaas, D. A., & Geerlings, H. (2019). Pathways to Industrial-Scale Fuel Out of Thin Air from CO2 Electrolysis. Joule, 3(8), 1822–1834. 

55. Wang, R., Haspel, H., Pustovarenko, A., Dikhtiarenko, A., Russkikh, A., Shterk, G., … Gascon, J. (2019). Maximizing Ag Utilization in High-Rate CO2 Electrochemical Reduction with a Coordination Polymer-Mediated Gas Diffusion Electrode. ACS Energy Letters, 4(8), 2024–2031. 

54. Firet, N. J., Venugopal, A., Blommaert, M. A., Cavallari, C., Sahle, C. J., Longo, A., & Smith, W. A. (2019). Chemisorption of Anionic Species from the Electrolyte Alters the Surface Electronic Structure and Composition of Photocharged BiVO4. Chemistry of Materials, 31(18), 7453–7462. 

53. Venugopal, A., & Smith, W. A. (2019). Light induced formation of a surface heterojunction in photocharged CuWO4 photoanodes. Faraday Discussions, 215(0), 175–191.

52. Liu, K., Ma, M., Wu, L., Valenti, M., Cardenas-Morcoso, D., Hofmann, J. P., … Smith, W. A. (2019). Electronic Effects Determine the Selectivity of Planar Au–Cu Bimetallic Thin Films for Electrochemical CO2 Reduction. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 11(18), 16546–16555. 

51. Valenti, M., Prasad, N. P., Kas, R., Bohra, D., Ma, M., Balasubramanian, V., Chu, L., Gimenez, S., Bisquert, J., Dam, B., Smith, W. A. (2019). Suppressing H2 Evolution and Promoting Selective CO2 Electroreduction to CO at Low Overpotentials by Alloying Au with Pd. ACS Catalysis, 9(4), 3527–3536.

50. Perez‐Rodriguez, P, Vijselaar, W, Huskens, J, et al. Designing a hybrid thin‐film/wafer silicon triple photovoltaic junction for solar water splitting. Prog Photovolt Res Appl. 2019; 27: 245– 254. 

49. Yang, K., Kas, R., Smith, W. A. (2019). Tenacious Mass Transfer Limitations Drive Catalytic Selectivity during Electrochemical Carbon Dioxide Reduction. ChemRxiv.

48. Liu, K., Smith, W. A., & Burdyny, T. (2019). Introductory Guide to Assembling and Operating Gas Diffusion Electrodes for Electrochemical CO2 Reduction. ACS Energy Letters, 4(3), 639–643.

47. D. Bohra, I. Ledezma-Yanez, G. Li, W. de Jong, E. A. Pidko, W. A. Smith, Lateral Adsorbate Interactions Inhibit HCOO− while Promoting CO Selectivity for CO2 Electrocatalysis on Silver. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2019, 58, 1345.

46. Zhang, W., Ma, M., Huijbers, M. M. E., Filonenko, G. A., Pidko, E. A., van Schie, M., de Boer, S., Burek, B.O., Bloh, J.Z., van Berkel, W.J.H., Smith, W.A., Hollmann, F. (2019). Hydrocarbon Synthesis via Photoenzymatic Decarboxylation of Carboxylic Acids. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 141(7), 3116–3120. 

45.       M. A. Blommaert, D. A. Vermaas, B. Izelaar, B. in’t Veen, and W. A. Smith, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy as a performance indicator of water dissociation inbipolar membranes, J. Mater. Chem. A, 7, 19060–19069 (2019)
44.       D. Bae, G. M. Faasse, G. Kanellosa, and  W. A. Smith, Unravelling the practical solar charging performance limits of redox flow batteries based on a single photon device system, Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 3, 2399 – 2408 (2019)
43.        N. J. Firet, M. A. Blommaert, T. Burdyny, A. Venugopal, D. Bohra, A. Longo, and W. A. Smith, Operando EXAFS study reveals presence of oxygen in oxide-derived silver catalysts for electrochemical CO2 reduction J. Mater. Chem. A, 7, 2597-2607 (2019)
42.       T.E. Burdyny and W.A. Smith, CO2 reduction on gas-diffusion electrodes and why catalytic performance must be assessed at commercially-relevant conditions, Energy and Environmental Science, 12, 1442-1453  (2019)
41.       A. Venugopal and W.A. Smith, Light induced formation of a surface hetero-junction in photocharged CuWO4 photoanodes, Faraday Discuss., 215, 175-191 (2019)
40.       D. Bohra, I. Ledezma-Yanez, G. Li, W. de Jong, E.A. Pidko, W.A. Smith, Lateral adsorbate interactions inhibit HCOO- while promoting CO selectivity for CO2 electrocatalysis on Ag, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 58, 1345-1349 (2019)

39.       K. Wedege, D. Bae, W.A. Smith, A. Mendes, and A. Bentien, Solar Redox Flow Batteries with Organic Redox Couples in Aqueous Electrolytes: A Mini-review, J. Phys. Chem. C, 122, 25729~25740 (2018)
38.       S. Ardo, D. Fernandez Rivas, M. A. Modestino, V. S. Greiving, F.A. Abdi, E. Alarcon-Llado, V. Artero, K.E. Ayers, C. Battaglia, J.-P. Becker, D. Bederak, A. Berger, F. Buda, E. Chinello, B. Dam, V. Di Palma, T. Edvinsson, K. Fuji, H.J.G.E. Gardeniers, H. Geerlings, S. Mohammad, H. Hashemi, S. Haussener, F.A. Houle, J. Huskens, B. James, K. Konrad, A. Kudo, P.P. Kunturu, D. Lohse, B. Mei, E. Miller, G. Moore, J. Muller, K.L. Orchard, T. Rosser, F.H. Saadi, J.-W. Schuttauf, B.J. Seger, S.W. Sheehan, W.A. Smith, J. Spurgeon, M. Tang, R. van de Krol, P.C.K. Vesborg and P. Westerik, Pathways to electrochemical solar-hydrogen technologies, Energy and Environmental Science, 11, 2768~2783 (2018) (designated HOT article)
37.       D.A. Vermaas, S. Wiegman, T. Nagaki, W.A. Smith, Ion transport mechanisms in bipolar membranes for (photo)electrochemical water splitting, Sustainable Energy and Fuels, accepted (2018) (special invited issue: Artificial Photosynthesis) (designated HOT article)
36.       M. Ma, K. Liu, J. Shen, R. Kas, W.A. Smith, In-situ fabrication and reactivation of highly selective and stable Ag catalysts for electrochemical CO2 conversion, ACS Energy Letters, 3, 1301~1306 (2018)
35.       N. T. Nesbitt, M. Ma, B.J. Trzesniewski, S. Jaszewski, F. Tafti, M.J. Burns, W.A. Smith, M.J. Naughton, Au dendrite electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction​, J. Phys. Chem. C, 122, 10006~10016 (2018)
34.       P. Perez-Rodriguez, D. Cardenas-Morcoso, I.A. Digdaya, A. Mangel Raventos, P. Procel, O. Isabella, S. Gimenez, M. Zeman, W.A. Smith, A.H.M. Smets, Improving the back surface field on an amorphous silicon carbide thin-film photocathode for solar water splitting, ChemSusChem, 11, 1797~1804 (2018)
33.       I.A. Digdaya, B.J. Trzesniewski, G. Adhyaksa, E. Garnett and W.A. Smith, General Considerations for Improving Photovoltage in Metal-Insulator-Semicondutor Photoanodes, J. Phys. Chem. C, 122, 5462~5471 (2018)
32.       B. Lamm, B.J. Trzesniewski, H. Doescher, W.A. Smith and M. Stefik, Emerging post-synthetic improvements of BiVO4 photoanodes for solar water splitting, ACS Energy Letters, 3, 112~124 (2018)

31.       M, Ma, H. Hansen, M. Valenti, Z. Wang, A. Cao, M. Dong, and W.A. Smith, Electronic effects on the electrochemical reduction of CO2 on compositionally variant Au-Pt bimetallic thin films, Nano Energy, 42, 51~57 (2017)
30.        I.A. Digdaya, G. Adhyaksa, B.J. Trzesniewski, E. Garnett and W.A. Smith, Interfacial engineering of metal-insulator-semiconductor junctions for efficient and stable photoelectrochemical water oxidation, Nature Communications, 8​, 15968 (2017)
29.       B.J. Trzesniewski, I.A. Digdaya, I. Herraiz-Cardona, S. Ravishankar, T. Nagaki, D.A. Vermaas, A. Longo, S. Gimenez and W.A. Smith, Near complete suppression of surface losses and total internal quantum efficiency in BiVO4 photoanodes, Energy and Environmental Science, 10, 1517~1529 (2017)
28.       P. Perez-Rodriguez, Y. Bennani, M. Zeman, W.A. Smith, M. Alani, L. Rietveld, A.H.M. Smets, Treatment of Organic Pollutants Using a Solar Energy Driven Photo-oxidation Device, Advanced Sustainable Systems, 1, 1700010 (2017)
27.       M. Valenti, A. Venugopal, D. Tordera, M. Jonsson, G. Biskos, A. Schmidt-Ott and W.A. Smith, On the Hot Carrier Generation and Extraction of Plasmonic Alloy Nanoparticles, ACS Photonics, 4, 1146~1152 (2017) (Front cover)

26.       N.J. Firet and W.A. Smith, Probing the reaction mechanism of CO2 electroreduction over Ag films via operando infrared spectroscopy, ACS Catalysis, 7, 606~612 (2017)

25.        D.A. Vermaas and W.A. Smith, Synergistic Electrochemical CO2 Reduction and Water Oxidation with a Bipolar Membrane, ACS Energy Letters, 1, 1143~1148 (2016)
24.       M. Valenti, M.P. Jonsson, G. Biskos, A. Schmidtt-Ott and W.A. Smith, Plasmonic nanoparticle-semiconductor composities for efficient solar water splitting, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4, 17891~17912 (2016) (Front inside cover)

23.       Y. Bennani, P. Perez-Rodriguez, M. J. Alani, W. A. Smith, L.C. Rietveld, M. Zeman, A. H. M. Smets, Photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of phenol for water treatment using a BiVO4 thin-film photoanode, Journal of Materials Research, 31, 2627~2639 (2016)
22.       F. Sastre, M. J. Munoz-Batista, A. Kubacka, M. Fernandez-Garcia, W.A. Smith, F. Kapteijn, M. Makkee, J. Gascon, Efficient electrochemical production of syngas from CO2 and H2O using a nano-structured Ag/g-C3N4 catalyst, ChemElectroChem, 3, 1497~1502 (2016)
21.       M. Ma, B.J. Trzesniewski, J. Xie, W.A. Smith, Selective and Efficient Reduction of CO2 to CO on Oxide-Derived Nanostructured Ag Electrocatalysts, Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed., 55, 9748~9752 (2016)
20.        S. Emin, M. de Respinis, T. Mavric, B. Dam, M. Valant, W.A. Smith, Photoelectrochemical water splitting with porous <alpha>-Fe2O3 thin films prepared from Fe/Fe-oxide nanoparticles, Applied Catalysis A: General, 523, 130~138 (2016)
19.       M. Ma, K. Djanashvili, W.A. Smith*, Controllable hydrocarbon formation via electrochemical reduction of CO2, Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed., 55, 6680~6684 (2016)
18.       M. Valenti, E. Kontoleta, I.A. Digdaya, M. Jonssen, G. Biskos, A. Schmidt-Ott, W.A. Smith, The role of size and dimerization of decorating plasmonic silver nanoparticles on the photoelectrochemical solar water splitting performance of BiVO4 photoanodes, ChemNanoMat, 2, 739~747 (2016) (special invited issue: Nanomaterials for energy conversion and storage)
17.       J. Luo, D.A. Vermaas, D. Bi, A. Hagfeldt, W.A. Smith*, M. Gratzel, Bipolar membrane assisted solar water splitting in optimal pH, Advanced Energy Materials, 6, 1600100 (2016)
16.       I.A. Digdaya, P. Perez Rodriguez, G. Adhyaksa, E. C. Garnett, A.H.M. Smets, W.A. Smith*, Engineering the kinetic and interfacial energetics of Ni/Ni-Mo catalyzed amorphous silicon carbide photocathodes in alkaline media, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4, 6842~6852 (2016) (special invited issue: Emerging Investigators 2016) (Back inside cover)
15.       R. Vasudevan, L. Han, T. Buijs, H. Tan, D. Deligiannis, P. Perez Rodriguez, I.A. Digdaya, W. A. Smith, M. Zeman, A. H. M. Smets, A thin-film silicon/silicon hetero-junction hybrid solar cell for photoelectrochemical water-reduction applications, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 150, 82~87 (2016)
14.       B.J. Trzesniewski and W.A. Smith*, Photocharged BiVO4 photoanodes for improved solar water splitting, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4, 2919~2926 (2016) (special invited issue: Water Splitting and Photocatalysis)       

13.       B.J. Trzesniewski, O. Diaz-Morales, D.A. Vermaas, A. Longo, W. Bras, M.T.M. Koper, W.A. Smith*, In-situ observation of active oxygen species in Fe-containing Ni-based oxygen evolution catalysts: the effect of pH on electrochemical activity, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137, 15112~15121 (2015)
12.       M. de Respinis, M. Fravventura, F. F. Abdi, H. Schreuders, T. Savenije, W.A. Smith, B. Dam, R. van de Krol, Oxynitrogenography: the controlled synthesis of single phase tantalum oxynitride photoabsorbers, Chemistry of Materials, 27, 7091~7099 (2015).
11.       W.A. Smith*, I.D. Sharp, N.C. Strandwitz, J. Bisquert, Interfacial band-edge energetics for solar fuels production, Energy and Environmental Science, 8, 2851~2862 (2015). (special invited issue: Status of Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting: Past, Present, and Future) (Front cover)
10.       D.A. Vermaas, M. Sassenburg and W.A. Smith*, Photo-assisted water splitting with bipolar membrane induced pH gradients for practical solar fuel devices, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3, 19556~19562 (2015).
9.       N. Kumar, F.F. Abdi, B.J. Trzesniewski, W.A. Smith, P.C.M. Planken, A.J.L. Adam, Investigation of terahertz emission from BiVO4/Au thin film interface, Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, DOI: 10.1007/s10762-015-0195-z, 1~10 (2015)
8.       M. Ma, K. Djanashvili, W.A. Smith*, Selective electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CO on CuO-derived Cu nanowires, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 17, 20861~20867 (2015)
7.    M. Valenti, D. Dolat, G. Biskos, A. Schmidt-Ott, W.A. Smith*, Enhancement of the photoelectrochemical performance of CuWO4 thin films for solar water splitting by plasmonic nanoparticle functionalization, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119, 2096~2104 (2015)
6.     I.A. Digdaya, L. Han, T.W.F. Buijs, M. Zeman, B. Dam, A.H.M. Smets, W.A. Smith,* Extracting large photovoltages from a-SiC photocathodes with an amorphous TiO2 front surface field layer for solar hydrogen evolution, Energy and Environmental Science, 8, 1585~1593 (2015)
5.       L. Han, I.A. Digdaya, T.W.F. Buijs, F. F. Abdi, Z.Q. Huang, R. Liu, B. Dam, M. Zeman, W.A. Smith*, A.H.M. Smets, Gradient dopant profiling and spectral utilization of monolithic thin-film silicon photoelectrochemical tandem devices for solar water splitting, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3, 4155~4162 (2015) (Back cover)
4.      D. Bohra and W.A. Smith*, Improved charge separation via Fe-doping of copper tungstate photoanodes, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 17, 9857~9866 (2015)
3.       C.M. Caskey, J.A. Seabold, V. Stevanovic, M. Ma, W.A. Smith, D.S. Ginley, N.R. Neale, R.M. Richards, S. Lany, A. Zakutayev, Semiconducting properties of spinel tin nitride and other IV3N4 polymorphs, Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 3, 1389~1396 (2015)
2.       M. de Respinis, K.S. Joya, H.J.M. De Groot, F. D’Souza, W.A. Smith, B. Dam, R. van de Krol, Solar water splitting combining a BiVO4 light absorber with a Ru-based molecular cocatalyst, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119, 7275~7281 (2015)
1.       S. Emin, M. de Respinis, M. Fanetti, W. Smith, M. Valant, B. Dam, A simple route for preparation of textured WO3 thin films from colloidal W nanoparticles and their photoelectrochemical water splitting properties, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 166~167, 406~412 (2015)